The 29-year-old World Cup winner reported no complications from the surgery and is still aiming to be ready for the tournament.
The Juventus and France star has yet to feature this campaign after sustaining the injury in pre-season and underwent the operation this week.
Pogba posted a video on social media in which he said: "I'm fine - the operation went very well. We will recover and come back."
Pogba has already been ruled out by Juventus boss Massimiliano Allegri until the end of the year, while France are due to start their World Cup defence against Australia on November 22.
It was decided that Pogba would undergo surgery after he was forced to curtail a training session in the build-up to Tuesday night's Champions League clash against Paris St Germain.
"We will realistically get him back in January," said Allegri. "The World Cup is not my problem, Juventus' problem is that he comes back in January."