Frequent rain interruptions limited the amount of action, but that certainly didn't stop Bumrah from ensuring the day ended with India in a commanding position in the rearranged series decider.
As the number 10 batter, the temporary captain caused most of the damage as Broad gave up a record-breaking 35 runs in the penultimate over of India's opening innings, before rattling through England's batting order.
Bumrah proved a constant menace as he took out England's top three to leave the hosts struggling on 84/5 and well adrift in reply to India's 416.
The tourists started the day on 338 for seven and scored 78 extra runs in just over 11 overs to cause further damage.
England went about taking out India's lower order, with Broad picking up his 550 wicket.
While that personal achievement was 15 years in the making, the day won't be fondly remembered by the 36-year-old who went on to have his mini-meltdown just a few minutes later.
Broad's 35-run bowling collapse was reminiscent of his encounter with Yuvraj Singh who slapped him for six sixes in a T20 match back in 2013.
With a massive target ahead, England went about their business with the bat, but it wasn't long before the wickets started to fall.
Burmah took out Alex Lees, Zak Crawley and Ollie Pope for a combined 25 runs.
Joe Root and Jack Leach soon followed as Mohammed Siraj and Mohammed Shami put India in complete control at Edgbaston.
Jonny Bairstow, who survived the final session on 12, and Ben Stokes will pick things up on Sunday as England attempt to stay in the contest.